High Blood Sugar



High blood sugar or hyperglycemia, occurs when the body does not use the glucose efficiently. Elevated blood sugar levels create a cascade of harmful activities throughout the body. Central to the diabetes treatment is to maintain the blood sugar levels within normal ranges.


Complications

Causes high blood-glucose

The destruction caused by the concentrations of sugar within the body happens "in-the-background" It happens over time, building up to catastrophic impairment, while you are blissfully unaware of what is happening. This should be enough incentive to keep blood sugars tightly under control.  

If you do not keep a tight lid on your blood sugars, you can look forward to having some, if not all, of these disabling conditions:

  • Impaired blood vessels, affecting any system that has a blood supply.
  • Heart attack
  • Stroke
  • Kidney failure
  • Blindness
  • Limb amputation(s)
  • Nerve damage
  • Erectile dysfunction
  • Increased risk of infection
  • Vaginal infections
  • Skin infections
  • Slow-healing cuts, sores and bruises.
  • Stomach and intestinal disorders.

Controlling your blood sugar levels is not an impossible task, as explained and proved, by the authors of Dr. Bernstein's Diabetes Solution and Blood Sugar 101.


What to handle and minimize the effects of high blood sugar

Causes of High Blood Sugar

The underlying causes of high blood sugars are because the body does not correctly utilize glucose. That is what makes you a diabetic.

  • Dawn Phenomenon - When your fasting blood glucose levels are high, even though it is "normal" at other times.
  • Insulin resistance - When the cells become less sensitive to insulin.
  • When you have an infection.
  • If you are under stress.
  • When you are ill.
  • Skip or forget your glucose-lowering medication.
  • Too much dietary sugar from carbohydrates, refined or complex.
  • Eating out of sync with your glucose-lowering medication.
  • Activity level less than normal.

The greatest source of elevated blood sugars are dietary carbohydrates. All carbohydrates are broken down into glucose to enable the body to use it for energy.


Symptoms

It is important to know when you get these symptoms, if it is hyperglycemic related or not. The only way to get to know your body and interpret the signals, is to measure your blood sugar and connect how you feel with your blood-sugar level. We tend to think the symptoms are normal. For example; Increased urination is not perceived as abnormal, perhaps explained as "part of aging," when/if eventually noticed.

Whenever you experience any of the following test your blood sugar and see if the condition corresponds to high blood sugar of over 140 mg/dL.

  • Increased thirst.
  • Headaches.
  • Difficulty to concentrate.
  • Blurred vision.
  • Increased urination
  • Fatigue - weak, tired listless.
  • Pins and needles in the feet and/or hands.


Treatment

If you take insulin, take the required dose needed to bring the blood-glucose  levels down, according to your doctor's instructions.

Trying any method

Do some muscle workouts like, squats or lifting something heavy. This will get the muscles to desire more glucose for energy and could assist in lowering the sugar levels.

If your blood sugar is above 300 mg/dL, get to the ER for medical assistance.

Blood sugar over 140mg/dL for prolonged periods does increase complications. When this happens, contact your doctor for re-evaluation of your treatment plan.


Prevention

Know your blood sugar profile and use that to fine-tune your treatment strategy.

Test, test and test your blood sugars, it is the only way to know how your body reacts to different circumstances and stimuli.

Know how different foods affect your blood sugar and structure your diet around this awareness. The aim is to keep your blood sugar levels within normal ranges.

Inform your doctor if you do have repeated abnormal sugar readings

Be more active. Increased activity levels have a positive influence on blood sugar levels. However, clear your proposed exercise/activity routine with your doctor, as there can be underlying reasons for restricting strenuous exercises.


For Contemplation

Carbohydrates are the one food group that dominates your blood-glucose  levels. The best way to prevent high blood sugar and stay on top of your blood sugar management is to keep your carbohydrate consumption to the barest minimum. Reduced carbohydrates mean lower blood sugar which in turn clear the way for downgrading your medications.


Fewer carbohydrates mean less insulin needed.

Lower blood sugar means smaller doses of medications. Find out all about why small changes can only cause small mistakes in Dr. Bernstein's Diabetes Solution.



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