Sample Diet for Gestational Diabetes

This sample diet for gestational diabetes is only an example of what is practical. Talk to your health care team for more specific details about the correct diet for you.

The goal is to provide enough nutrients to support your body and meet the needs of your growing baby. At the same time, the diet must maintain proper blood glucose levels.

Your calorie requirements will change during your pregnancy. For example, you would need extra 300 calories per day during the second and third trimester.

The following diet plan is an example only. The purpose is to show you some variations and ideas.
Every woman is unique and so are her dietary requirements. Therefore, it is vital that you follow a diet plan designed for you personally.
Speak to your health care team to model a diet plan that is appropriate for you.

Meal planning should focus on eating several small meals throughout the day. Small, frequent meals support the stabilization of blood glucose levels better than larger, infrequent meals.

The combinations of foods are also very important. The age-old saying is "An apple a day keeps the doctor away." Eating seven apples on Sunday is a bad thing, where one per day is good.

Another non-negotiable rule is to drink at least eight glasses of water every day.

Adding to the examples below, drink at least eight glasses of water per day. A glass of water with every meal and snack, and you have had six glasses already.

Drinking plenty of water is important in building body fluids, digestion and blood circulation. Extra water also aids the kidneys in expelling the extra sugar from the blood.

Find out more about portion sizes at: Gestational Diabetes Menu.



Sample Diet for Gestational Diabetes
for Monday.

  • Breakfast.
    • 2 Scrambled eggs.
    • 1 slice of whole wheat bread, plain or toast.
    • 1 teaspoon of margarine.
    • Half grapefruit. (Unsweetened)

  • Mid morning snack.
    • 1 slice of whole wheat bread.
    • 1 Tablespoon peanut butter. (Smooth or chunky)
    • 1 tablespoon Sugar free jam.
    • 1 cup nonfat/low fat milk.

  • Lunch.
    • 1 cup of lentil soup. (Any type of bean soup)
    • 1 serving of whole grain crackers.
    • 1 serving of low fat cheese.
    • 1 cup of baby carrots.

  • Mid afternoon snack.
    • 1 serving string cheese.
    • 1 peach.

  • Evening meal.
    • 1 serving Grilled Chicken. (About the size of your palm or a deck of cards)
    • 1 cup of steam carrots.
    • 1 small baked sweet potato.
    • 1 tablespoon of butter.

  • Bedtime snack.
    • 6 Crackers.
    • 1 Serving cheese.
    • 1 Cup nonfat/low fat milk.


Sample Diet for Gestational Diabetes
for Tuesday.

  • Breakfast.
    • 2 Slices whole wheat Bread.
    • 2 Tablespoons peanut Butter. (Smooth or chunky)
    • Half cup Fresh Juice.

  • Mid morning snack.
    • 1 Serving cottage cheese.
    • 1 Peach.

  • Lunch.
    • Chicken sandwich.
      • 2 Slices whole wheat bread.
      • Sliced chicken.
      • 1 Slice of cheese.
      • Lettuce leaves.
      • Tomato slices.
      • 1 Tablespoon of mustard or mayonnaise.
    • 1 apple.
    • Decaffeinated coffee.

  • Mid afternoon snack.
    • 1 Serving almonds.
    • 1 Cup Grapes.

  • Evening meal.
    • 3 Servings steamed fish.
    • 1 Cup Steamed Broccoli.
    • 1 Cup Brown Rice.
    • 1 Cup nonfat/low fat milk.

  • Bedtime snack.
    • 1 Serving Mixed Nuts.


Sample Diet for Gestational Diabetes
for Wednesday.

  • Breakfast.
    • 1 Hardboiled egg.
    • 1 Slice whole-wheat bread.
    • 1 Teaspoon canola-based margarine.
    • 1 Cup grapes.
    • 1 Cup nonfat/low fat milk.

  • Mid morning snack.
    • 5 Whole wheat crackers.
    • 1 Serving low-fat cheese.

  • Lunch.
    • Roast beef sandwich.
      • 2 Slices whole wheat bread.
      • 1 Teaspoon canola-based margarine.
      • 1 Teaspoon of mustard or fruit chutney.
      • 1 Slice of cheese.
      • Sliced roast beef.
      • Lettuce leaves.
      • Tomato slices.
    • Half cup raw baby carrots.
    • 1 cup nonfat/low fat milk.

  • Mid afternoon snack.
    • 2 Rice Cakes.
    • 1 Serving Low-fat, plain yogurt.
    • Half cup Blueberries.

  • Evening meal.
    • 1 Medium baked potato.
    • 3 Servings broiled chicken breast.
    • 1 Cup steamed broccoli.
    • 1 Small dinner salad.
    • 1 Peach.
    • 1 Teaspoon margarine for potato.

  • Bedtime snack.
    • 2 Slices whole wheat toast.
    • 1 Tablespoon peanut butter.


Sample Diet for Gestational Diabetes
for Thursday.

  • Breakfast.
    • 2 Egg whites and 1 whole egg, scrambled.
    • 1 Whole wheat English muffin.
    • 1 Teaspoon butter or margarine.
    • 1 Slice of melon.

  • Mid morning snack.
    • 1 Small orange.
    • 1 Serving nuts.

  • Lunch.
    • 1 Cup vegetable soup with 4-6 crackers.
    • 1 turkey sandwich.
      • 2 Slices whole wheat bread.
      • 1 serving turkey.
      • 1 serving low-fat cheese.
      • 1 teaspoon mayonnaise.
    • 1 small apple.

  • Mid afternoon snack.
    • 1 Serving Low Fat Swiss cheese.
    • 1 Peach.

  • Evening meal.
    • 1 Cup brown rice.
    • 3 Servings stir-fry chicken/beef.
    • 1 Cup stir fried, mixed vegetables.
      • Broccoli.
      • Peppers.
      • Carrots.
      • Green beans.
    • 1 Teaspoon oil for the stir fry.
    • 1 Cup berries.
    • 1 Cup nonfat/low fat milk.

  • Bedtime snack.
    • 1 Serving Low-fat, plain yogurt.


Sample Diet for Gestational Diabetes
for Friday.

  • Breakfast.
    • 2 Slices whole wheat plain or toast.
    • 2 Tablespoons peanut butter. (Smooth or chunky)
    • 1 Small banana.

  • Mid morning snack.
    • 1 Muesli bar.

  • Lunch.
    • Salad.
      • 1 Cup romaine lettuce.
      • Half cup cooked kidney beans.
      • Half a fresh tomato.
      • 1 Serving mozzarella cheese.
      • 2 Tablespoons low calorie Italian dressing.
      • Half cup cantaloupe chunks.

  • Mid afternoon snack.
    • 1 Medium apple with peel.
    • 1 Tablespoon peanut butter. (Smooth or chunky)
    • 1 Cup nonfat/low fat milk.

  • Evening meal.
    • 3 Servings broiled chicken breast with basil and oregano sprinkled on top.
    • 1 Cup brown rice.
    • Half cup cooked carrots.
    • 1 Small whole grain dinner roll with 1 teaspoon margarine.
    • 1 Serving tossed salad.
      • 2 Tablespoons low-fat salad dressing.
    • 1 Small slice of angel food cake.

  • Bedtime snack.
    • 1 English muffin.
    • 1 Hardboiled egg.
    • 1 Cup nonfat/low fat milk.
    • 1 Teaspoon margarine.


Sample Diet for Gestational Diabetes
for Saturday.

  • Breakfast.
    • 1 Egg, scrambled or poached.
    • 1 Slice whole wheat toast.
    • 1 Teaspoon margarine.
    • Water, coffee, or tea.

  • Mid morning snack.
    • Half English muffin.
    • 1 Tablespoon sugar free jams.
    • Decaffeinated coffee.

  • Lunch.
    • 2 Servings baked chicken thigh.
    • Half cup mashed potatoes.
    • 1 Small whole wheat roll.
    • Half cup fruit cocktail, fresh or canned in unsweetened juice.
    • 1 Cup turnip greens.
    • 1 Teaspoon margarine for mashed potato.

  • Mid afternoon snack.
    • Other half of the mid morning English muffin.
    • 1 Tablespoon sugar free jams.
    • Decaffeinated coffee.

  • Evening meal.
    • 3 Servings chicken breast, skinless.
    • 1 Serving pineapple rings, fresh or canned in unsweetened juice.
    • 1 Tablespoon toasted sesame seeds.
    • 1 Tablespoon dark sesame oil.
    • 2 Teaspoons soy sauce.
    • Half cup cooked green beans.
    • Half cup brown rice.
    • 1 cup nonfat/low fat milk.
    • 1 cup fresh strawberries.

  • Bedtime snack.
    • Half cup of sugar free, fat free ice cream.
    • 1 Serving mixed nuts.


Sample Diet for Gestational Diabetes
for Sunday.

  • Breakfast.
    • 1 Cup oatmeal.
    • 1 Slice whole wheat toast.
    • 1 Poached egg.
    • Half Cup orange juice.
    • 1 teaspoon butter or margarine.

  • Mid morning snack.
    • 1 Slice of toast with reduced fat cheese.
    • 1 Serve of fruit.

  • Lunch.
    • Half cup vegetable soup with half cup cooked barley.
    • 2 Servings chicken, without skin.
    • 1 Baked potato.
    • Half cup cooked broccoli.
    • 1 Slice whole wheat bread.
    • 1 Teaspoon margarine for potato.
    • 1 fresh Peach.

  • Mid afternoon snack.
    • Half cup artificially sweetened chocolate pudding.
    • 1 Serving string cheese.

  • Evening meal.
    • 1 Serving turkey.
    • 1 Hardboiled egg.
    • 1 Serving of low fat cheese.
    • Chef salad.
    • Brown rice.

  • Bedtime snack.
    • 1 Apple.
    • 1 cup plain popcorn.
    • Half serving peanuts.


The examples of a sample diet for gestational diabetes above, is just a starting point.
Your diet must include a regular supply of nutrients for both, you and your baby. Therefore, it is essential to make proper choices among a selection of healthy foods.



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Please consult the services of your
doctor and/or other members of your health care team
before implementing any of the advice contained on this site.



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