Different types of diabetes

There are many types of diabetes. The classification (or groups) in which each falls seems to overlap at times.

Diabetes mellitus is descriptive of a group of disorders, characterized by high blood glucose levels. There are four major groups defined:

  • Insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM)
  • Non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM)
  • Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM)
  • Diabetes secondary to other conditions

These groups are sometimes referred to as the four types of diabetes.
Although in the general use of diabetic terms, there are many recognized types of diabetes. With the dominant three being:

Type 1:

Insulin dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM)

Childhood onset diabetes.

Juvenile diabetes.

  • Results from the body's failure to produce insulin.
  • It is estimated that 5-10% of all persons who are diagnosed with diabetes have type 1 diabetes
  • Almost all type 1 diabetics must take insulin injections.
  • Risks can be very effectively reduced with adequate control of glucose levels

Type 2:

adult onset diabetes.

obesity related diabetes.

non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM).

  • Results from insulin resistance, at times in conjunction with an insulin deficiency. When cells fail to use insulin properly, then it is seen as an insulin resistant condition.
  • Most of the people diagnosed with diabetes have type 2 diabetes.
  • Many people spend many years as pre-diabetes, before deteriorating to a full blown type 2 diabetes diagnosis.
    Pre-diabetes is when the blood glucose levels are elevated (higher than normal), but not high enough to be classed as a type 2 diabetic.
  • Risks can be very effectively reduced with adequate control of glucose levels

Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM):

  • What is gestational diabetes?
  • Usually resolves after delivery
  • Women who have never had diabetes, showing elevated blood glucose levels during pregnancy have gestational diabetes.
  • About 1-8% of pregnancies are affected by gestational diabetes.
  • Woman with gestational diabetes may be at greater risk of developing type 2 diabetes later on.
  • Treatable condition, mostly with diet modification.
    A small percentage need anti-diabetic drugs and/or insulin.
  • Risks can be very effectively reduced with adequate control of glucose levels
  • Sometimes called type 3 diabetes.

Various conditions have been defined as "type 3 diabetes":

  • Gestational diabetes.
  • Double diabetes - Insulin resistant type 1 diabetes.
  • Hybrid diabetes - Type 2 diabetes needing insulin injections.
  • Latent autoimmune diabetes of adults. (LADA)
  • Alzheimer's disease may be type 3 diabetes.
    A neuropathologist at Rhode Island Hospital and a professor of pathology at Brown University Medical School, senior researcher Suzanne M. de la Monte, found correlation between insulin, the insulin receptors and Alzheimer's disease. A form of diabetes?

Most cases of diabetes mellitus fall into the two broad etiologic categories of type 1 or type 2 diabetes.
With advancement in diabetes research, those with specific known causes, are classed into more specific categories.
Type 1 or 2 diabetics could have their condition reclassified in the future.


There are many types of diabetes. Diabetes mellitus is descriptive of a group of disorders, characterized by high blood glucose levels.

 

Other Types of Diabetes

The term diabetes usually refers to diabetes mellitus.
There are several rarer conditions also named diabetes. The most common being diabetes insipidus.

For the difference between Insipidus and Mellitus; Read This

Diabetes insipidus.

  • The urine is not sweet(bland, without taste).
  • Caused by kidney or pituitary gland damage.
  • Noninfectious disease.
  • Nephrogenic diabetes insipidus.

                   Body systems affected:

                            Nerves.

                            Digestion.

                            Circulation.

                            Endocrine.

                            Urinary.

Diabetes mellitus.

  • Associated with glycosuria (excessive sweet urine).

Many other types of diabetes mellitus are categorized separately from the principal three mentioned above. Also, some cases are categorized according to know causes.
Following are some of these categories and other diabetes terms.

Hybrid diabetes - Type 2 diabetes needing insulin injections.

Double diabetes - Insulin resistant type 1 diabetes.

Latent autoimmune diabetes of adults. (LADA).

Prediabetes.

Impaired glucose tolerance (IGT)

Impaired fasting glucose (IFG)

Borderline diabetic

  • When a person's blood glucose levels are higher than normal, but not high enough to be classed as a type 2 diabetic.
  • Termed "America's largest health care epidemic".
  • Many people that are diagnosed as type 2 diabetes could have spent many years in a Pre-diabetes condition.
  • As of 2009 there are 57 million Americans who have pre-diabetes.

Brittle diabetes.

  • Unstable diabetes.
  • Labile diabetes.
  • Where blood glucose levels often swings quickly from one extreme to another, this rise and fall is quite unpredictable and for no apparent reason.

Maturity onset diabetes in the young. (MOOY)

  • Caused by mutations in an autosomal dominant gene, disrupting insulin production.

Latent autoimmune diabetes of adulthood (LADA)

  • Type 1 diabetes, diagnosed at over 30 years of age

Diabetic acidosis.

  • Abnormally high acidity (excess hydrogen-ion concentration) of the blood and other body tissues.

Adult onset diabetes.

  • Type 2 diabetes mellitus.

Childhood diabetes.

  • Mostly Type 1.
  • More and more children are diagnosed with type 2.
  • Maturity onset diabetes in the young (MOOY) are also increasing.

Juvenile diabetes.

  • Type 1 diabetes mellitus.

Diabetes in Pets.

Yes, even your pets can get diabetes, the two main types are: 

  • Feline diabetes. - Cats with diabetes.
  • Canine diabetes. - Dogs with diabetes.


Conclusion

The numerous types of diabetes can be confusing. However, all of them fall into one of the four basic types of diabetes groups, with most being diabetes mellitus, and the most of those are either type 1 or type 2 diabetes.

Complications can be very effectively reduced with adequate control of glucose levels. Learn how.



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