High blood sugar or hyperglycemia, occurs when the body does not use the glucose efficiently. Elevated blood sugar levels create a cascade of harmful activities throughout the body. Central to the diabetes treatment is to maintain the blood sugar levels within normal ranges.
The destruction caused by the concentrations of sugar within the body happens "in-the-background" It happens over time, building up to catastrophic impairment, while you are blissfully unaware of what is happening. This should be enough incentive to keep blood sugars tightly under control.
If you do not keep a tight lid on your blood sugars, you can look forward to having some, if not all, of these disabling conditions:
The underlying causes of high blood sugars are because the body does not correctly utilize glucose. That is what makes you a diabetic.
The greatest source of elevated blood sugars are dietary carbohydrates. All carbohydrates are broken down into glucose to enable the body to use it for energy.
It is important to know when you get these symptoms, if it is hyperglycemic related or not. The only way to get to know your body and interpret the signals, is to measure your blood sugar and connect how you feel with your blood-sugar level. We tend to think the symptoms are normal. For example; Increased urination is not perceived as abnormal, perhaps explained as "part of aging," when/if eventually noticed.
Whenever you experience any of the following test your blood sugar and see if the condition corresponds to high blood sugar of over 140 mg/dL.
If you take insulin, take the required dose needed to bring the blood-glucose levels down, according to your doctor's instructions.
Do some muscle workouts like, squats or lifting something heavy. This will get the muscles to desire more glucose for energy and could assist in lowering the sugar levels.
If your blood sugar is above 300 mg/dL, get to the ER for medical assistance.
Blood sugar over 140mg/dL for prolonged periods does increase complications. When this happens, contact your doctor for re-evaluation of your treatment plan.
Know your blood sugar profile and use that to fine-tune your treatment strategy.
Test, test and test your blood sugars, it is the only way to know how your body reacts to different circumstances and stimuli.
Know how different foods affect your blood sugar and structure your diet around this awareness. The aim is to keep your blood sugar levels within normal ranges.
Inform your doctor if you do have repeated abnormal sugar readings
Be more active. Increased activity levels have a positive influence on blood sugar levels. However, clear your proposed exercise/activity routine with your doctor, as there can be underlying reasons for restricting strenuous exercises.
Carbohydrates are the one food group that dominates your blood-glucose levels. The best way to prevent high blood sugar and stay on top of your blood sugar management is to keep your carbohydrate consumption to the barest minimum. Reduced carbohydrates mean lower blood sugar which in turn clear the way for downgrading your medications.
Lower blood sugar means smaller doses of medications. Find out all about why small changes can only cause small mistakes in Dr. Bernstein's Diabetes Solution.
Please consult the services of your
doctor and/or other members of your health care team
before implementing any of the advice contained on this site.
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